Eugene Muntz is an historian of Roman, early Christian, and Italian Renaissance art. Müntz went to Paris in 1857 to study law, but became interested in art, and devoted the rest of his life to art-historical research. In 1875, he studied at the École Française in Rome, and was appointed principal librarian and keeper of the archives and collections at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1876, where he also taught aesthetics and the history of art. He published extensively on topics ranging from Roman art to contemporary French art, however he specialized in Florentine painters such as Leonardo da Vinci and Raphael. Müntz wrote several books and articles about painters, as well as collectors, including the collections of the Medici family and the Avignon Papacy. By his death in 1902, Müntz had written over 200 scholarly art-historical publications.